Chiropractic BioPhysics, or CBP, is a chiropractic technique that focuses on optimal posture.
What is CBP?
Chiropractic BioPhysics was named by Drs. Donald Harrison, Daniel Murphy, and Deanne Harrison to indicate “physics applied to biology in chiropractic”. The goals of CBP are to focus on spinal alignment and “optimal posture”. Optimal posture means that the center of the head, rib cage, and pelvis are in vertical alignment. CBP aims to improve range-of-motion and muscle strength by making sure the body is in proper alignment, using the “Harrison Spinal Model”. That model demonstrates the average and ideal “geometric shapes for the curves of the spine”. The lower back and thoracic regions should have an “oval-elliptical shape”, while the cervical (neck) spine should be like a “piece of a circle”. During treatment, chiropractors who use CBP separate out the relief care phase (traditional chiropractic) from the rehabilitation phase of the spine and posture. At first, patients would receive care to improve pain and range-of-motion, using standard chiropractic treatments (i.e., Activator, Diversified, Gonstead, etc.). CBP would then commence after about a dozen visits, with specialized “Mirror Image exercises”, traction, and adjustments.1 The traction is done in a particular way, making sure that it is always done in a “pre-determined optimum sequence of movements using stress x-rays” for the treatment of scoliosis. Mirror Image traction sessions should be performed 3-5 times per week, for no more than 30 minutes. Initially, patients will start with only a 2-3 minute sessions of traction.2 The CBP chiropractic technique would typically use initial x-rays to find misalignment, before working on spinal remodeling. It is believed that gravity, poor posture, inactivity, injury, disease, and age all contribute to misalignment. Chiropractic BioPhysics has been said to help not only with back and limb pain, but headaches, asthma and allergies, GERD, and other conditions.3
Chiropractic BioPhysics in Research
In a case study, a traction system was used for scoliosis. A 13 year old girl, with several years of prior chiropractic care, had worsening thoracic pain and regular headaches. The patient underwent Mirror Image traction, adjusting, and exercises, and was given a home exercise regimen. The traction was done using the 3-D Denneroll Traction Table (a 3-point bending traction table). Within 13 sessions over 5 weeks, the patient had improvement in the spine, and 90% of the symptoms were reduced.4 Chiropractic BioPhysics is “the most published named technique”. Research has been done in the form of randomized clinical trials, non-randomized clinical trials, and case studies. A listing of these studies can be found online at the Chiropractic BioPhysics website.5