Whiplash Associated With the Onset of Multiple Sclerosis

Whiplash Associated With the Onset of Multiple Sclerosis

As one of the most prevalent causes of neurologic disability in young adults Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is known for its unpredictability in symptoms and severity, in addition to its mysterious unknown causes.  MS is a demyelinating disease that causes the loss of myelin sheaths around axons in the Central Nervous System.  Demyelination is either from the damage to oligodendrocytes or from an autoimmune reaction on the myelin. MS sufferers usually present with some kind of pain syndrome: acute, subacute or paroxysmal and chronic.

Early Symptoms

Some early symptoms of MS include: paresthesias in the extremities, vision and balance loss, and motor and sensory deficits in the limbs.  Motor symptoms are usually first, including feeling of heaviness, weakness, stiffness, tendency to drop things and clumsiness.  In addition, sensory organs are commonly affected, such as optic neuritis, blurring haziness, eyeball pain, double vision and even blindness.

Head Trauma

Researchers have confirmed the link between later life onset of Multiple Sclerosis and Parkinson’s disease due to head trauma.  In determining the role of trauma and Multiple Sclerosis, Dr. Charles Poser noted, “in some patients with MS, certain kinds of trauma (to the brain and/or spinal cord, including whiplash injuries) may act as a trigger at some time for the appearance of new of recurrent symptoms.  Trauma to the central nervous system may alter the blood-brain-barrier (BBB), which many researchers consider to be a critical step in the formation of MS lesions.”  Dr. Poser further noted there is a strong correlation connecting cervical spondylosis and Multiple Sclerosis as documented by Magnetic Resonance Imaging.  Compression caused by either herniation or cervical spondylosis can cause intraspinal plaques within the brain tissue.  Researchers still haven’t determined an exact mechanism of injury to the causation of MS.  Cervical adjustments are effective for whiplash treatment.  The common locations for injury are the lower cervical vertebra because of the hyperflexion and hyperextension forces.